你知道世界各国最受欢迎的大学专业都是什么吗？《青春时光》杂志（Youth Time magazine）开展的一项全球调查得出的结果可能会让你大吃一惊。
China: 7 out of the Top 10 are STEM majors, showing absolute dominance
According to China University Alumni Association, among those who score well enough in China’s highly competitive exam system to get into university, 19.39% choose to study Economics and 19.06% select Business Management, which means business & management related majors account for almost half of the popular majors.
The third most popular major in China is Informatics Engineering (6.87%) followed tightly by Law (6.53%). From No. 5 to No. 10, the most popular majors are almost all STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) majors such as Biological Sciences (5.93%), IT and Computer Sciences (5.72%), Architecture (3.84%), Physics (3.37%) and Automation Engineering (3.23%).
It’s not until No. 11 that some social science majors such as Chinese language and literature, foreign language studies and journalism appear.
Chinese higher education emphasizes STEM education due to historical reasons.
When the Chinese started their reform and opening-up policy in the 1980s, the country urgently needed scientific professionals for industrial development, and the Chinese preference for STEM is rooted in that period.
"Master mathematics, physics and chemistry, you can find a position all over the country” was one of the most famous national slogans.
US: Health, Psychology, Biology, American students like to explore human beings
Business and Management are the most popular subjects in the US (289,384 degrees).
Health-related programs such as Nursing are next in line (141,632 degrees). Psychology and Biological and Biomedical Sciences run almost neck and neck (127,066 degrees and 120,375 degrees, respectively).
The 5th place belongs to Engineering, with 117,553 degrees awarded.
Social science majors such as Education (102,219) follow up, and the difference between Communications (98,949) and Finance and Accounting (98,663) is rather small.
A little bit surprisingly, Anthropology and Sociology (57,630) beat Computer Science (55,843) and have moved into the top 10.
The trends in prevailing college majors in the US connect directly to the average starting salary.
Graduates with a degree in Business Administration receive $41,245 as a starting salary with an average mid-career salary of $70,694.00, higher than the average level of compensation of graduates in any other major, which is the biggest motivation that drives not only American students but most youngsters around the world.
The traditional high demand for medical services has helped to spur the popularity of medical and health-related programs.
According to market research, doctors and nurses almost never face the unemployment issue: even when economic crises take place, medical workers usually are able to keep their jobs.
Notably, in the US, a general psychology degree will open doors for students to find jobs in social work, marketing and human resources, similar to Education and Communications.
The UK: Social science receives a relatively warm response
Respecting the UK, data from the British Higher Education Statistics Agency illustrate that Business & Administrative studies are the most popular subjects (342,970).
Subjects allied to Medicine and Biological Sciences are the second and third (288,065 and 233,970 respectively).
Social Studies receive a warm welcome among young people as well (229,360). The 5th, 6th and 7th are respectively Creative Arts & Design (178,415), Engineering & Technology (164,975) and Education (145,445), and the differences among them are similar.
The other two subjects that have over 100,000 students are Computer Science (107,250) and Languages (103,545). Physical Science (95,720) is also close to this number.
Social Studies are more popular in the UK than in America.
For example, UK universities are among the oldest universities that offer law courses.
Therefore, reflecting this long and rich tradition, UK law degrees have become very popular (and indeed highly competitive) for its students.
Another large absolute increase can be found in Creative Arts & Design degrees.
The Higher Education Statistics Agency attributes this popularity to the increase in part-time students, among which there was a 19% increase in students studying Creative Arts & Design between 2015/16 and 2016/17.
Germany: Guys like Engineering while ladies prefer German Studies, but they both love Business
The independent survey from StudyCheck shows differences in the most popular courses for men and women. Business Administration has for years held the top spot in the ranking of the most popular programs, both for men and women.
When it comes to the 2nd place, German Studies is favored by women, and 75% of German Studies students are female.
Meanwhile, German men choose Mechanical Engineering as their second favorite, and this is just the beginning of their interest in engineering.
Medicine is one of the most popular subjects in Germany and the 3rd most popular among German ladies, while Computer Science is still listed by men as their 3rd choice. 4th and 5th placed popular majors among German guys are both in the engineering area (Industrial Engineering and Electrical Engineering), while German ladies turn to Law and Pedagogy.
Graduates who earn engineering degrees have excellent job prospects. New engineering graduates will earn relatively high salaries of €2,800 to €3,800 a month in Germany. Besides, they have a wide range of activities open to them, from plant engineering and mechanical engineering to aerospace engineering and vehicle construction.
According to the HIS study, every second German Studies student aspires to become a teacher.
Teacher training usually promises a quick career start and good salary prospects.
Russia: The popularity of pedagogical degrees may surprise you
Pedagogical faculties, IT specialties, and Medicine are the most popular majors for Russian university entrants in 2019, reports Russian Ministry of Education and Science.
It may surprise many readers that pedagogical degrees generate so much enthusiasm.
One possible reason is that in the past few years the career of teacher has became more prestigious in Russia.
Reforms in education have brought higher salaries for teachers and have helped to attract young, highly qualified professionals.
Australia: An aging population has boosted health-related enrollment, and Australia is the only country where IT has dropped
Good Education Group’s statistics show that majors in Society and Culture boast the highest enrollments in Australia (66,884).
Care for the Aged and Children’s Services are two of the fastest growing sub-categories in Australia for the years from 2011 to 2016, which helps the Society and Culture sector to arrive at an over-all peak.
The popularity of Health majors has increased by 159%, with 52,134 choosing to study in this area, making it more than twice as popular as 16 years ago and holding second place nationally.
The third to tenth most popular majors are Management and Commerce, Natural and Physical Sciences, Education, Creative Arts, Engineering, IT, Architecture and Building and Agriculture, Environmental and Related studies.
Australia is the only country in the survey where the Information Technology field of study has dropped in recent years. You might learn IT skills in Society and Culture or in Health or in Engineering, whereas previously they were specific (to IT courses)”.
India: Design and Arts rank quite high
Without any surprises, Management, Engineering and Computer Application are the Top 3 in India.
However, things get interesting when it comes to the fourth place: Design-related majors including fashion design, interior design and Web/graphic design are quite popular.
Mass Communication and Hospitality-related majors are also emerging because the entertainment industry in India is developing rapidly, while there is a huge chance of getting jobs after hospitality courses with large hotel chains to take advantage of the growing tourism business in India.
Apart from that, the Indian educational sector is seeing a rise in the popularity of vocational courses among students who are seeking skill-training and job-oriented courses.
Design, Marketing and Advertising, and Hospitality are among the most selected vocational courses. Through these courses, students get the chance to explore new opportunities and master the skills required for specific jobs.
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